Nursing care plan for asthma essay

Nursing care plan for asthma essay

Nursing care plan for asthma essay



Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, causing wheezing and breathlessness in the commonly affected individuals. The goal of nursing care planning for an individual diagnosed with asthma is to restore respiratory health by monitoring the patient's condition and providing interventions as indicated.


Severity Assessment: This includes evaluating the signs and symptoms of asthma including assessing peak flow levels, pulse oximetry, oxygen saturation and assessment of respiratory rate.

Environmental Assessment: This includes evaluation of environmental factors that may exacerbate asthma symptoms such as dampness, mold, dust mites, pet dander, smoking, pollution and other airborne allergens.

Medication History: This includes a review of long-term medication including steroidal inhaler usage and doses as well as short-term medications including rescue inhalers and short-term bronchodilators.

Support System: This includes an assessment of the home environment, family members, and support systems of the patient.

Nursing Diagnosis:

Impaired Airway Clearance related to bronchial constriction: This diagnosis is based on findings of increased mucus production and difficulty clearing the lungs due to bronchial constriction.

Ineffective Breathing Pattern related to muscular relaxation: This diagnosis is based on findings of decreased chest rise, use of accessory muscles and marked tachycardia.

Anxiety related to feeling of impending doom: This diagnosis is based on findings such as rapid shallow breathing, restlessness, diaphoresis, increased heart rate and anxiety.


The patient will restore normal respiration: This includes demonstrating normal chest movement and oxygen saturation levels in the patient and patient expressing normal respiration pattern.

The patient and family will express understanding of management and treatment plan: This includes patient and family understanding of the importance of controlling asthma triggers and utilizing preventive measures, medications, physical activity and support systems.

The patient will verbalize concerns and questions: This includes open communication of patient and family’s concerns and questions regarding the treatment plan.


Monitor respiratory status: This includes assessing peak flow readings, oxygen saturation levels, and patient comfort. Monitor results of laboratory tests as needed.

Provide instruction on proper use of medications: This includes discussing medication usage and appropriate dosages for daily, rescue inhalers and Management Plan.

Teach stress reduction techniques: This includes teaching controlled breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, mediation, yoga and counseling.

Refer patient and family to local resources: This includes refer patient to local health department for education and support resources.


Monitoring Routinely –Changes in lung function can often occur rapidly and must be monitored carefully to prevent further exacerbations.

Instruction on proper use of medications – Adhering to a scheduled treatment regimen is important in managing asthma.

Stress Reduction – Stress has been linked to asthmatic exacerbations, so providing stress reduction techniques can help reduce symptoms of asthma.

Referral to local resources – Asthma is a chronic medical condition, and it is important for the patient and family to have access to education and supportive resources in order to optimize their care.


The overall success of nursing care plan for an individual diagnosed with asthma is evaluated by monitoring the patient's condition and interventions, ensuring that the patient is able to properly utilize asthma medications and supporting the patient to gain access to educational resources.


Careful monitoring, implementation of interventions and referrals to supportive resources can ensure successful management of asthma.


  • Q: What is the goal of asthma care?
    A: The goal of care for asthma is to restore respiratory health by monitoring the patient's condition and providing interventions as needed.
  • Q: What types of assessments are needed for asthma management?
    A: Assessments for asthma management include severity assessment, environmental assessment, medication history and assessment of the patient's support system.
  • Q: What types of interventions are used to manage asthma?
    A: Interventions for managing asthma include monitoring respiratory status, providing instruction on proper use of medications, teaching stress reduction strategies, and referring patients and families to local resources.
  • Q: How is success of asthama care evaluated?
    A: The success of asthama care is evaluated by monitoring the patient's condition and interventions and ensuring that the patient is able to properly utilize asthma medications and has access to educational resources.
  • Q: What is the most important part of asthama care?
    A: The most important part of asthama care is monitoring the patient's condition and initiating interventions as needed.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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