Risk for urge urinary incontinence

Risk for urge urinary incontinence

Risk for urge urinary incontinence


Nursing Diagnosis Definition

The nursing diagnosis for "Risk for urge urinary incontinence" is defined as "at risk for the sudden and intense urge to urinate, followed by involuntary loss of urine, due to the presence of risk factors such as age, certain medical conditions, or certain medications." This diagnosis is relevant for individuals who, although not currently experiencing urge urinary incontinence (UUI), exhibit risk factors that increase their likelihood of developing the condition.

Defining Characteristics


  • Patient reports feeling a sudden and intense urge to urinate and/or reports leakage of urine: Patient's subjective account of experiencing a compelling need to urinate suddenly or noticing involuntary urine leakage.
  • Patient describes a strong, uncontrollable desire to void: Subjective expression of an overwhelming urge to urinate that the patient cannot control.
  • Reports a sense of urgency associated with the need to urinate: Patient's subjective experience of a pressing need to empty the bladder promptly.
  • Expresses anxiety or distress related to the urge to urinate: Patient's subjective feelings of anxiousness or emotional discomfort associated with the sudden urge to urinate.


  • Observation of leakage of urine, increased frequency of urination, or difficulty delaying urination: Objective signs indicating potential risk factors for urge urinary incontinence, such as observable leakage or changes in urinary patterns.
  • Presence of wet undergarments or clothing: Objective evidence of urine leakage, observed during a physical examination or patient care activities.
  • Increased frequency of voiding episodes: Objective measurement of more frequent urination than normal, possibly contributing to the risk of urge urinary incontinence.
  • Difficulty in delaying urination when the urge is felt: Objective observation of the patient struggling to postpone urination despite feeling a sudden urge.
  • Bladder ultrasound revealing decreased post-void residual volume: Objective assessment of decreased urine volume remaining in the bladder after voiding, indicating potential issues with complete emptying.

Related Factors

  • Age (older adults are at higher risk for UUI): Advancing age as a risk factor for the development of urge urinary incontinence.
  • Neurological conditions such as stroke or spinal cord injury: Underlying conditions affecting nerve function and potentially leading to UUI.
  • Certain medical conditions such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, or Parkinson's disease: Underlying health issues contributing to the risk of urge urinary incontinence.
  • Certain medications such as diuretics, antidepressants, or antihistamines: Pharmaceutical agents that may increase the risk of developing UUI.
  • Bladder outlet obstruction: Physical obstruction affecting normal urinary function and potentially leading to UUI.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight as a risk factor for urge urinary incontinence.
  • Smoking: Tobacco use as a potential risk factor for UUI.

Risk Population

  • Older adults: Individuals in the elderly population are at an increased risk for urge urinary incontinence due to factors such as age-related changes in bladder function and muscle tone.
  • Individuals with neurological conditions or medical conditions such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis: Those with neurological disorders or specific medical conditions may experience disruptions in nerve signals affecting bladder control, elevating the risk of urge urinary incontinence.
  • Individuals taking certain medications: The use of medications, such as diuretics, antidepressants, or antihistamines, can contribute to an increased risk of developing urge urinary incontinence.
  • Individuals with bladder outlet obstruction: Conditions leading to obstruction in the normal flow of urine, such as urinary stones or tumors, may heighten the risk of urge urinary incontinence.
  • Obese individuals: Excess body weight can exert pressure on the bladder, potentially leading to increased urinary urgency and the risk of urge urinary incontinence.
  • Smokers: Smoking has been associated with an elevated risk of bladder-related issues, including urge urinary incontinence, possibly due to the impact of smoking on overall bladder health.

Associated Problems

  • Emotional distress and social isolation: Psychological impact of urge urinary incontinence on an individual's emotional well-being and social interactions.
  • Lack of sleep due to frequent bathroom trips: Disrupted sleep patterns resulting from the urgency to urinate frequently.
  • Impaired quality of life: Negative impact on an individual's overall well-being and daily life due to the risk of developing urge urinary incontinence.
  • Increased risk of falls and accidents related to urgency: Potential physical consequences such as falls or accidents due to the urgency associated with UUI.

Suggestions for Use

  • Assessing the patient's current symptoms and medical history related to UUI: Thoroughly evaluate current symptoms and medical history to identify potential risk factors for urge urinary incontinence.
  • Monitoring the patient's response to interventions and adjusting as needed: Continuously evaluate the effectiveness of interventions and make necessary adjustments to manage risk factors.
  • Providing patient education on bladder retraining techniques and lifestyle changes to improve UUI: Offer guidance on strategies to reduce the risk of developing urge urinary incontinence, including lifestyle modifications and bladder retraining.
  • Consideration of medication management, such as anticholinergic drugs, as prescribed: Evaluate the need for medication management based on the individual's risk factors and medical condition.
  • Referral to a specialist, such as a urologist or physical therapist, for further evaluation and management: Involve specialized healthcare professionals for additional assessment and intervention as required.

Suggested Alternative Nursing Diagnoses

  • Risk for Urinary Tract Infection: Identifying the potential susceptibility to urinary tract infections due to the presence of risk factors, necessitating preventive measures and vigilant monitoring.
  • Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity related to Incontinence: Recognizing the vulnerability to skin-related issues arising from incontinence, emphasizing the need for protective interventions to maintain skin health.
  • Risk for Impaired Mobility related to Incontinence: Acknowledging the likelihood of compromised mobility associated with incontinence, highlighting the importance of interventions to preserve and enhance mobility in affected individuals.

Usage Tips

  • It is important to differentiate between UUI and other types of incontinence, such as stress urinary incontinence, to ensure appropriate management and treatment: Accurately identify the type of incontinence to tailor interventions accordingly.
  • Assess the patient's risk factors for UUI and implement interventions to reduce the risk: Proactively address identified risk factors to minimize the chances of developing urge urinary incontinence.
  • Encourage the patient to keep a bladder diary to track symptoms and triggers for UUI: Facilitate self-monitoring and awareness of potential triggers for UUI.
  • Consider referral to a continence nurse advisor for further support and management: Involve specialized professionals to provide additional support and guidance in managing the risk of urge urinary incontinence.

NOC Results

  • Urinary Continence: The patient will be able to control their urinary function and maintain continence, as evidenced by the absence of leakage and ability to delay urination.
  • Skin Integrity: The patient will maintain intact skin, free from pressure ulcers or other complications related to incontinence, as evidenced by the absence of redness, tears, or breakdown.
  • Mobility: The patient will maintain their mobility and physical function, as evidenced by the ability to move about and perform activities of daily living without difficulty related to incontinence.

NIC Interventions

  • Bladder Retraining: Teaching the patient techniques to improve bladder control and reduce symptoms of UUI, such as timed voiding and pelvic floor exercises.
  • Medication Management: Administering or adjusting medications as prescribed, such as anticholinergic drugs, to manage symptoms of UUI.
  • Skin and Wound Care: Providing skin care and addressing any complications related to incontinence, such as providing skin care and addressing any emotional distress related to UUI.
  • Patient and Family Education: Providing education to the patient and their family about UUI, including causes, symptoms, and management strategies.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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