Risk for Infection

Risk for Infection

Risk for Infection


Nursing Diagnosis Definition

Risk for Infection: Vulnerability to the invasion and multiplication of pathogenic organisms. This diagnosis addresses a patient's potential to develop an infection due to various factors.

Defining Characteristics (Subjective and Objective)


  • Complaints of pain, discomfort, or itchiness: Patient reports experiencing pain, discomfort, or itchiness.
  • Reports of fever or chills: Patient reports having a fever or experiencing chills.


  • Redness, swelling, or warmth of affected area: Observable signs of inflammation, such as redness, swelling, or warmth.
  • Drainage or discharge from affected area: Observable drainage or discharge from the affected area.
  • Positive culture results: Laboratory results indicating the presence of pathogenic organisms.

Related Factors

  • Immunosuppression (due to disease or medication): Conditions or medications that weaken the immune system.
  • Invasive procedures or devices: Medical interventions that breach the body's natural defenses.
  • Poor hygiene: Inadequate cleanliness practices that increase the risk of infection.
  • Exposure to pathogenic organisms: Contact with harmful microorganisms that may cause infection.
  • Trauma or wounds: Injuries or open wounds that create a potential entry point for pathogens.

Risk Population

  • Elderly individuals: Age-related factors that may compromise the immune system.
  • Individuals with chronic illnesses: Underlying health conditions that increase susceptibility to infections.
  • Individuals who have recently had surgery: Postoperative patients with increased vulnerability.
  • Individuals with weakened immune systems: Conditions or treatments that compromise the immune response.
  • Individuals in long-term care facilities: Settings where infections can spread easily.

Associated Problems

  • Septicemia: Systemic infection leading to a severe response in the body.
  • Pneumonia: Inflammation of the lungs often caused by infectious agents.
  • Urinary tract infections: Infections affecting the urinary system.
  • Wound infections: Infections occurring in open wounds or surgical sites.
  • Cellulitis: Bacterial skin infection.

Suggestions for Use

  • Assess the patient's risk factors for infection: Identify conditions or situations that may increase the risk of infection.
  • Implement infection control measures, such as hand hygiene and proper wound care: Employ preventive strategies to minimize the risk of infection.
  • Monitor the patient's vital signs, including temperature and white blood cell count: Regularly assess key indicators of infection.
  • Administer any prescribed antibiotics or antiviral medications: Follow medical recommendations for treating or preventing infection.
  • Educate the patient and their family on ways to reduce their risk for infection: Provide information on hygiene practices and other preventive measures.

Suggested Alternative Nursing Diagnosis

  • Impaired skin integrity: Compromised condition of the skin that increases susceptibility to infection.
  • Impaired wound healing: Delayed or compromised healing of wounds, predisposing to infection.
  • Ineffective protection: Inability to guard against potential infectious agents.
  • Ineffective health maintenance: Lack of behaviors to preserve or improve health, leading to increased infection risk.

Usage Tips

  • Be specific in identifying the location and type of infection when documenting
  • Consider using additional diagnoses in addition to "Risk for Infection" to fully address the patient's care needs
  • Collaborate with the interdisciplinary team, including the physician and microbiologist, to determine the appropriate course of action for the patient

NOC Results

  • Infection Control: The patient's risk for infection is identified and appropriate measures are taken to prevent the spread of infection.
  • Immune Status: The patient's immune system is able to effectively fight off potential infections.
  • Tissue Integrity: The patient's skin and wound integrity are maintained, preventing the entry of pathogenic organisms.
  • Health Maintenance: The patient and their family are educated on ways to maintain their health and reduce their risk for infection.

NIC Interventions

  • Infection Control: Implementing proper hand hygiene and wound care techniques to prevent the spread of infection.
  • Immune Enhancement: Administering medications to enhance the patient's immune system and fight off potential infections.
  • Tissue Integrity Promotion: Assessing and managing the patient's skin and wound integrity to prevent the entry of pathogenic organisms.
  • Health Education: Educating the patient and their family on ways to maintain their health and reduce their risk for infection.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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