Nursing care plan for wound infection


Introduction to Nursing care plan for wound infection

Wound infection is a common and serious complication arising after surgical cold or traumatic injury. It affects the healing process by inhibiting wound closure & can cause severe infection & sometimes death. Thus it is necessary to create a nursing care plan for wound infection to ensure effective management of the condition.


  • Signs and Symptoms: Wound infection can be characterised by redness and swelling around the area, pain, discharge or malodour from the wound, accumulation of pus and warmth in the affected area.
  • Aetiology: Bacteria are generally responsible for infections in otherwise healthy cutaneous wounds however, other organisms such as viruses and fungi may also be involved.
  • Anatomy and Physiology: Wound infection involves the local inflammatory response, which can depend on the number & type of bacteria, anatomic location of the wound, underlying tissue status, type of wound dressing and strength of immune system.

Nursing Diagnosis

The nursing diagnosis for wound infection include:

  • Risk for Infection: This may occur due to disruption of the integrity of the skin, caused by the wound itself.
  • Impaired Skin Integrity: This is caused by disruption to the skin’s protective function due to the wound.
  • Decreased Tissue Perfusion: This occurs due to impaired blood flow, either through blockage or reduced diffusion.
  • Anxiety: Caused by the fear of the possible spread or severity of the infection.


  • Infection is controlled: The risk for infection is decreased and tissue perfusion is improved.
  • Skin integrity maintained: This is achieved by monitoring for signs of infection and using appropriate wound dressings and medications.
  • Anxiety reduced: Patient is able to cope with the situation.


The interventions used in the care plan should focus on controlling or reducing the risk of infection, maintaining tissue integrity, reducing tissue damage and increasing patient comfort.

  • Monitoring of wound: Observe the color, size, amount of drainage, malodour and surrounding skin irritation.
  • Administer antibiotics: Will be administered as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Provide wound care: Cleanse wound with mild soap & water, irrigate with saline solution, change dressings as prescribed and provide wound dressings.
  • Enhance nutrition: Encourage patient to have high protein diet and adequate fluids.
  • Education: Provide information to patient and family regarding wound care and prevention of infection.


  • Monitoring of wound: To detect any changes in the wound that may indicate infection.
  • Administer antibiotics: To prevent or reduce the spread of infection.
  • Provide wound care: To keep the wound clean and free from bacteria.
  • Enhance nutrition: To ensure adequates of nutrients to support wound healing.
  • Education: To improve patient’s knowledge & help to prevent the spread of infection.


In evaluating the patient’s progress, the following observations should be taken into consideration:

  • Decrease in pain & discomfort: Indicates improvement in wound.
  • Reduction in swelling & inflammation: Suggests that infection is under control.
  • Patient understanding: Knowledge about wound aids in its proper care.
  • Patient Compliance: In following directions and taking prescribed medications.


A well-managed nursing care plan for wound infection can ensure that the infection is controlled, that tissue integrity is maintained, and that the patient’s anxiety is reduced. Through proper monitoring, administration of antibiotics, provision of wound care, enhancement of nutrition and education about proper wound care, the patient’s progress can be effectively evaluated.

FAQs – Nursing Care Plan for Wound Infection

  • What is a nursing care plan for wound infection? It is a systematic approach to assessing a patient’s needs, developing interventions to meet those needs, and evaluating the outcomes of those interventions.
  • What are the common symptoms of wound infection? The most common symptoms of wound infection are redness and swelling around the wound, pain, discharge or malodour from the wound, accumulation of pus and warmth in the affected area.
  • What are the interventions to be used in the care plan? Interventions used in the care plan should focus on controlling or reducing the risk of infection, maintaining tissue integrity, reducing tissue damage, and increasing comfort.
  • How is the patient’s progress evaluated? The progress of the patient can be evaluated by observing the decrease in pain and discomfort, reduction in swelling and inflammation, patient understanding and patient compliance.
  • What is the importance of education in wound care? Education plays an important role in ensuring the patient has adequate knowledge and understanding of wound care and prevention, thereby helping to control and prevent the spread of infection.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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