Postviolation Trauma Syndrome

Postviolation Trauma Syndrome


Introduction for Nursing Diagnosis: Postviolation Trauma Syndrome

Postviolation trauma syndrome is a recognized disorder. Nursing diagnoses are understandings of a condition or situation that can be measured and treated in nursing practice, making it an ideal tool for providing support to people suffering from post-violation trauma. Following is an overview of the NANDA definition, defining characteristics of the syndrome, related factors, assessment considerations, associated problems, available interventions, suggested alternative NANDA diagnoses, usage tips, NOC results and NIC interventions.

Nursing Diagnosis Definition

The nursing diagnosis for postviolation trauma syndrome is Anxiety. It is defined as "an uneasiness of the mind of varying intensity and duration, associated with activation of the autonomic nervous system."

Defining Characteristics


  • Verbalizations of fear, insecurity or distress
  • Feeling of helplessness
  • Increased alertness for potential danger when exposed to certain stimuli
  • Difficulty in making decisions
  • Increased need for reassurance


  • Hyperawareness
  • Crying spells
  • Startle response to unexpected sounds
  • Disturbed sleep patterns (difficulty in falling asleep, nightmares)
  • Muscle tension

Related Factors

The following are recognized factors associated with postviolation trauma syndrome:

  • An intense or prolonged experience of being violated experienced directly or indirectly via media or narrative
  • Lack of perceived control over circumstances
  • Inability to escape from the violation experience

Explanation: Postviolation trauma syndrome can be triggered by an intense experience of being violated, either directly or indirectly through media or narrative. It can also be caused by an inability to escape the experience or feelings of lack of control over circumstances.

Risk Population

Individuals likely to experience postviolation trauma syndrome include those who have experienced a recent or prolonged traumatic event, experienced physical or verbal abuse, experienced or witnessed domestic violence, or experienced sexual assault or harassment.

Explanation: Individuals who have experienced a distressing or traumatic event, including physical or verbal abuse, domestic violence or sexual assault/harassment, are more likely to develop postviolation trauma syndrome.

Associated Problems

The syndrome has been linked to increased risk for the development of PTSD, depression, anxiety, physical health symptoms and substance abuse.

Explanation: Postviolation trauma syndrome is associated with an increased risk for the development of additional mental health issues, such as PTSD, depression, anxiety, physical health symptoms and substance abuse.

Suggestions for Use

nursing diagnosis of postviolation trauma syndrome can be used in the assessment, planning, and implementation phases of patient care.

Explanation: The nursing diagnosis can be used during the assessment, planning and implementation stages of patient care to help identify and manage postviolation trauma syndrome.

Suggested Alternative Nursing Diagnosis

Other NANDA nursing diagnoses that may be considered in the treatment of postviolation trauma syndrome include Acute Stress Reaction, Injury or Abuse (Physical or Sexual), Coping, and Disturbed Self-Concept.

Explanation: Other NANDA nursing diagnoses that can be considered in patients experiencing postviolation trauma syndrome include Acute Stress Reaction, Injury or Abuse (Physical or Sexual), Coping, and Disturbed Self-Concept.

Usage Tips

  • Avoid making assumptions about why a person is displaying behaviors associated with postviolation trauma syndrome.
  • Allow the patient time to process their experience before asking questions.
  • Be present and listen with empathy.
  • Create a safe environment for the patient.
  • Encourage the patient to identify their strengths.

NOC Results

  • Anxiety Level - Refers to the I client's subjective feeling of overall unease in life situations.
  • Coping - Refers to the client's ability to cope with stressors in their everyday life.
  • Tolerance for Uncertainty - Refers to the client's ability to adapt to situations characterized by uncertainty, ambiguity, and unpredictability.
  • Activity Planning - Refers to the client's ability to plan and organize personal activities.
  • Cognitive Clarity - Refers to the client's ability to think clearly and remember things accurately.
  • Decision Making - Refers to the client's ability to make comprehensive, logical, and objective decisions.

Explanation: The NOC results measure the client's level of anxiety, coping skills, tolerance for uncertainty, activity planning, cognitive clarity and decision making.

NIC Interventions

  • Psychological Support - Provide emotional support for the patient in order to manage anxiety and encourage a sense of safety.
  • Practice Relaxation Techniques - Encourage the patient to practice relaxation techniques in order to reduce symptoms of anxiety.
  • Provide Safety Education - Provide education on methods to enhance safety and reduce risk of further injury or victimization.
  • Assist with Conflict Resolution - Assist the patient in resolving conflicts related to postviolation trauma syndrome.
  • Provide Information on Resources - Provide information on community resources in order to meet the needs of the patient.
  • Monitor Medications - Monitor the patient's medications in order to ensure the appropriate use of medication for symptom management.

Explanation: The NIC interventions aim to provide psychological support, practice relaxation techniques, provide safety education, assist with conflict resolution, provide information on resources, and monitor medications in order to manage postviolation trauma syndrome symptoms.


Postviolation trauma syndrome is a recognized disorder that can be effectively managed with the help of nursing diagnosis. By understanding the signs and symptoms of postviolation trauma syndrome and using the available nursing diagnosis, related factors, possible risk populations and associated problems, nursing professionals can provide a patient-centred approach to care that facilitates recovery.


Q: What is postviolation trauma syndrome?
A: Postviolation trauma syndrome is a recognized disorder that can be triggered by an intense or prolonged experience of being violated, either directly or indirectly. It is characterized by an uneasiness of the mind, hyperawareness, crying spells, disturbed sleep patterns, muscle tension and other symptoms.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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