Nursing care plan for angioplasty

Nursing care plan for angioplasty

Nursing care plan for angioplasty



Angioplasty is a medical procedure that involves widening a narrowed or blocked artery by inserting a balloon pushing the plaque of fatty deposits from the artery walls. The main goal of angioplasty is to increase the blood flow in order to reduce the symptoms associated with cardiovascular disease, which include chest pain, shortness of breath, and leg pain. Depending on the individual situation, angioplasty can be done in both invasive and non-invasive ways. A nursing care plan for angioplasty needs to be made prior to the procedure in order to prepare for any potential complications.


Patient History: It is important to first obtain a comprehensive patient history which includes past and current medical diagnosis, medications, lifestyle habits, and risk factors associated with heart problems.

Physical Exam: After collection of patient information, a physical exam should be conducted to check vital signs and any other indicators of heart problem.

Laboratory Tests: Such tests should be conducted to assess the overall health of the patient, including cholesterol/lipid levels, glucose levels, as well as any other relevant tests.

Cardiac Imaging Studies: An imaging study such as an echocardiogram or CT scan should be done to assess the size and shape of the heart and its valves, as well as to check for any underlying blockage in the arteries.

Nutrition Screening: It is also important to evaluate the patient’s diet and nutrition status prior to surgery. This can help to identify any potential deficiencies and can help determine if medical intervention is needed.

Nursing Diagnosis

Based on the assessment, the possible nursing diagnoses may include:

  • Ineffective Tissue Perfusion: The patient is at risk for insufficient oxygen supply to the tissues related to blocked arteries.
  • Risk for Injury: The patient may experience injury related to the stress of undergoing angioplasty surgery.
  • Impaired Nursing Care: The patient may require additional nursing interventions related to angioplasty.
  • Imbalanced Nutrition: The patient could be at risk of developing an imbalanced or deficient diet related to pre-existing dietary habits.


The desired outcomes for angioplasty procedure are:

  • Good tissue perfusion: Proper blood flow in the arteries leading to the lower extremities is restored.
  • Minimal risk of injury: The risks associated with the angioplasty procedure are decreased.
  • Improved nursing care: The patient receives the appropriate and effective nursing interventions related to the procedure.
  • Well balanced nutrition: The patient is able to achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle through a balanced diet.


Interventions for an angioplasty care plan include:

  • Monitor vital signs: Monitor the patient’s vital signs including heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation.
  • Observe activity: Observe the patient’s activity level before and after the procedure. This may affect the amount of rest and activity needed afterwards.
  • Perform cardiac care: Monitor the patient’s cardiac function by applying oxygen and performing chest compressions, if necessary.
  • Provide wound care: Provide necessary wound care post-procedure, making sure to treat any infections that may arise.
  • Provide complete nutrition: Evaluate the patient’s diet and assist in providing complete nutrition that follows recommended guidelines.
  • Educate patient: Educate the patient on how to properly manage the care of their cardiovascular condition and the risks associated with the angioplasty procedure.


The rationale for the interventions listed above would include:

  • Monitor vital signs: To assess general condition of the patient and detect potential changes.
  • Observe activity: To assess the amount of rest needed after the procedure as well as prevent overexertion.
  • Perform cardiac care: To provide life-saving measures and treat irregularities identified during the procedure.
  • Provide wound care: To prevent infection and promote healing.
  • Provide complete nutrition: To ensure the patient is receiving enough nutrition to support the body and promote healing.
  • Educate patient: To ensure that the patient understands the risks and benefits associated with the angioplasty and is aware of how to take care of their cardiovascular condition.


The evaluation of the effectiveness of the nursing care plan should include monitoring the outcomes and interventions, assessing any potential changes in the patient’s condition and any modifications needed to the care plan, and adjusting accordingly.


In conclusion, creating a nursing care plan for angioplasty is an important step in preparing for the procedure and its subsequent recovery process. It is necessary to assess the patient’s condition, make a list of desired outcomes and appropriate interventions, and review the plan regularly.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is angioplasty? Angioplasty is a medical procedure that involves widening a narrowed or blocked artery by inserting a balloon pushing the plaque of fatty deposits from the artery walls.
  • What are the risks associated with angioplasty? Risks associated with angioplasty can include temporary risks such as bruising and bleeding, as well as longer-term risks such as stroke, damage to the artery lining, and increased risk of cardiac arrest.
  • What is included in a nursing care plan for angioplasty? A nursing care plan for angioplasty includes assessing patient history and condition, listing possible nursing diagnoses, identifying desired outcomes, and interventions.
  • How often should the care plan be evaluated? The care plan should be reviewed on a regular basis to monitor outcomes and adjust interventions as needed.
  • How can the patient be prepared for the procedure? The patient should stop smoking, if applicable, increase exercise, and follow a balanced diet prior to the procedure.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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