Nursing care plan for amputation below the knee

Nursing care plan for amputation below the knee

Nursing care plan for amputation below the knee


Nursing Care Plan for Amputation Below The Knee

Introduction: Amputation is the removal of a limb or body part, typically as the result of an injury, illness, or surgery. An amputation below the knee (BK) may be required due to irreparable injury, vascular disease, and/or infections. It is important for nurses to understand the implications of BK amputations for their patients in order to provide proper care and support.


The nursing assessment should include an evaluation of the patient’s anatomical structure, range of motion, strength, sensation, and skin integrity of the leg. Other medical issues that should be assessed are infection, temperature instability, pain, emotional and psychological status, medications being taken, knowledge and understanding of the procedure, and medical history.

Nursing Diagnosis:

The most common nursing diagnosis to consider in this situation include altered tissue perfusion, acute pain, impaired physical mobility, activity intolerance, self-care deficit, impaired skin integrity, risk for infection, anxiety, and disturbed body image.


The patient should demonstrate improved tissue perfusion and physical mobility; reduced pain; improved self-care, activity level, and skin integrity; absence of infection; and decreased anxiety and improved body image.


  • Inspection: The nurse should inspect the surgical site for signs of infection such as redness, swelling, warmth, incisional drainage, and fever.
  • Debridement: It is important to debride any dead tissue or infected areas of the wound in order to prevent further infection or delayed healing.
  • Dressing: Dressings should be applied to the wound as prescribed in order to promote wound healing, as well as keep the wound clean and free from further infection.
  • Education: Patient education is important in order to ensure the patient is able to properly manage the wound postoperative. This includes the application of dressings, prevention of wound infection, preventing constriction and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
  • Support: Nurses should provide emotional and psychological support for the patient in order to help them cope with and process their feelings about the amputation.


All interventions are essential for providing adequate nursing care for a patient who has undergone a BK amputation and include: inspection to assess for signs of infection; debridement to remove dead tissue and bacteria; dressing application to provide an optimal environment for wound healing; patient education to promote self-management; and emotional and psychological support.


The nurse should assess the patient’s wound healing, range of motion, and any changes in functional activities. Monitoring of vital signs and emotional/psychological status should be done regularly as well. Finally, the patient should be assessed for signs of infection.


Amputation is a traumatic and life-altering experience for most patients, and it is important for nurses to understand the implications of BK amputations for their patients in order to provide proper care and support. Nursing interventions should focus on prevention and management of wound infection, maintaining tissue perfusion, promoting mobility, and providing emotional/psychological support for the patient.


  1. What is a BK amputation?
    A BK amputation is an amputation of a limb below the knee. It is typically done due to irreparable injury, vascular disease, and/or infections.
  2. What nursing interventions should be provided?
    The nurse should provide interventions including inspection, debridement, wound dressing, patient education, and emotional/psychological support.
  3. What should I expect after the procedure?
    After the procedure, you can expect wound healing, range of motion, and changes in your overall functional activities. Pain medications and therapy may be required.
  4. How do I prevent an infection?
    To prevent an infection, you should keep the wound area clean and dry, avoid touching the wound without cleaning your hands first, use antibiotics as prescribed, and watch for signs of infection such as redness, warmth, and drainage.
  5. What is the prognosis for BK amputation?
    The prognosis for BK amputations is generally good, as long as the patient follows their medical provider’s instructions and takes good care of their wound. In some cases, prosthetic devices can help improve the patient’s quality of life.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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