Nursing care plan for acute gastritis



Acute gastritis is one of the most common digestive problems, with an estimated 10 percent of people suffering from it. This condition occurs when the stomach lining becomes inflamed and irritated. Symptoms can include heartburn, abdominal cramps and pain, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.

A nursing care plan can be developed to manage acute gastritis. This plan includes assessment, nursing diagnosis, outcomes, interventions, and evaluation. In addition, a patient FAQ section can provide patients and their families with additional information and resources.


The assessment of acute gastritis may include:

  • Physical exam: A physical exam is conducted to check for signs and symptoms of gastritis, such as abdominal tenderness and tenderness in the epigastric area.
  • Laboratory tests: The patient’s blood and/or stool may be tested to detect inflammation, bleeding, or infection.
  • Imaging studies: An X-ray or CT scan may be necessary to rule out a more serious condition.

Nursing Diagnosis

Based on the assessment, the following nursing diagnoses may be used to develop the care plan:

  • Risk for deficient fluid volume: Due to the presence of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
  • Pain: Due to abdominal discomfort and tenderness.
  • Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity: Due to prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).


The outcome of the nursing care plan is to improve the patient's symptoms and quality of life. These outcomes may include:

  • The patient will maintain adequate hydration and nutrition
  • The patient will report a decrease in abdominal pain and discomfort
  • The patient will report an improved quality of life


Interventions that may be included in the care plan are:

  • Educate the patient about dietary changes such as avoiding spicy and acidic foods, and increasing fiber intake.
  • Monitor and record vital signs, including temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure.
  • Encourage rest periods throughout the day.
  • Administer medications as prescribed.
  • Provide emotional support and positive reinforcement.
  • Provide assistance in obtaining resources such as counseling and other community services.


The rationale for each intervention should be provided in the care plan:

  • Educating the patient about dietary changes: This will help reduce symptoms such as abdominal pain and nausea.
  • Monitoring and recording vital signs: This will provide helpful information to the medical team about the patient's condition.
  • Encouraging rest: Rest will help reduce stress, which can aggravate symptoms of gastritis.
  • Administering medications: Medications can help reduce symptoms such as pain and nausea.
  • Providing emotional support: Emotional support can help the patient cope with the condition and make changes to their lifestyle as needed.
  • Providing assistance in obtaining resources: Resources can help the patient be better informed and find support.


Evaluation of the nursing care plan should occur at regular intervals. Evaluation measures may include:

  • Patient’s reports of subjective improvements in symptoms.
  • Objective improvements as indicated by vital signs and laboratory results.
  • The patient’s ability to adhere to the plan of care.


A well-developed nursing care plan can help patients manage the symptoms of acute gastritis and improve their quality of life. The care plan should include assessment, nursing diagnosis, outcomes, interventions, and evaluation. With the right care plan, the patient can improve their condition and live a healthy life despite having gastritis.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What foods should I avoid if I have acute gastritis?
    It is recommended to avoid foods that are spicy, acidic, and high in fat. Foods to include in your diet are fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products.
  • How long does it take to heal from acute gastritis?
    The healing time depends on the severity of the condition and the individual response to treatment. Most cases of acute gastritis can improve within a few days to a week without any complications.
  • Can stress cause acute gastritis?
    Yes, stress can worsen the symptoms of acute gastritis. It is important to manage stress levels through relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing exercises.
  • What medications are used to treat acute gastritis?
    Medications used to treat gastritis may include antacids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), H2 blockers, antibiotics, and antidiarrheal agents.
  • Are there any lifestyle changes I should make if I have acute gastritis?
    It is recommended to make lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing stress and getting enough sleep, and avoiding foods that trigger symptoms. Consult your doctor or health care provider for a list of recommended lifestyle changes.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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