Nursing care plan for acute bronchitis


Introduction to Nursing Care Plan for Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is a bacterial or viral infection of the lungs that can cause inflammation, leading to airway obstruction. It is often accompanied by other symptoms, such as a sore throat, cough, and fever. Treatment of acute bronchitis typically consists of antibiotics, rest, hydration, and over-the-counter medication. A nursing care plan is a plan of care tailored to meet the individual needs of a patient with acute bronchitis, and it helps guide nurses in providing quality care while working to improve patient outcomes.

Assessment of Acute Bronchitis

The first step in creating a nursing care plan for acute bronchitis is assessing the patient's physical and mental health. The nurse should identify the presence of any infections, determine whether the patient is experiencing other symptoms, such as shortness of breath and chest pain, and assess the patient’s lifestyle and coping strategies. The nurse should also ask the patient or their caregiver about any allergies or current medications.

Nursing Diagnosis for Acute Bronchitis

Based on the assessment, the nurse should develop a set of nursing diagnoses for acute bronchitis, which may include:

  • Ineffective airway clearance – This occurs when mucus builds up in the airways, causing difficulty breathing and an increased risk of infection.
  • Impaired gas exchange – This is when there is an imbalance between oxygen levels in the bloodstream and ventilation, leading to symptoms such as wheezing.
  • Pain – Individuals with acute bronchitis may experience chest pain due to strained muscles, as well as sore throat and headaches.

Outcomes for Acute Bronchitis

The nurse should specify desired outcomes for the patient’s treatment plan, such as improved patient education, symptom management, and reduction of complications. These outcomes should be measurable and achievable within a reasonable timeframe.

Interventions for Acute Bronchitis

Interventions should be based on the individual needs of the patient. Common interventions for acute bronchitis include:

  1. Instructing the patient on self-care measures, such as avoiding exposure to irritants and smoking, resting, and increasing fluid intake.
  2. Prescribing antibiotics, as needed.
  3. Providing supplemental oxygen, as needed.
  4. Administering pain medication to relieve discomfort.

Rationales for Acute Bronchitis

The nurse should explain why a certain intervention is being used, such as explaining to the patient that antibiotics are necessary to eliminate the infection. The nurse should also emphasize the importance of adhering to the prescribed medication schedule and taking steps to reduce exposure to irritants, such as smoking.

Evaluation of Acute Bronchitis

The nurse should evaluate the patient's progress towards the desired outcomes by monitoring the patient's vital signs, progress in symptom management, and adherence to the prescribed treatment plan. The nurse should also use patient feedback to assess whether any changes need to be made.


A nursing care plan is an important tool for nurses in providing quality care to individuals with acute bronchitis. By following a carefully tailored plan of assessment, diagnosis, outcomes, interventions, and evaluations, nurses can ensure the best possible outcome for patients with acute bronchitis.

Frequently Asked Questions about Acute Bronchitis

  • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    The most common symptoms of acute bronchitis are a persistent cough, wheezing, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
  • How is acute bronchitis diagnosed?
    Acute bronchitis is typically diagnosed based on a medical history, physical exam, lab tests, and imaging tests.
  • What is the treatment for acute bronchitis?
    The most common treatments for acute bronchitis include antibiotics, rest, hydration, and over-the-counter medications.
  • How long does acute bronchitis last?
    Acute bronchitis typically lasts for 2-3 weeks, but can last longer if left untreated.
  • Can acute bronchitis be prevented?
    Yes, acute bronchitis can be prevented by avoiding contact with people who have acute bronchitis or other respiratory illnesses, avoiding exposure to irritants, such as smokers and smog, and washing your hands frequently.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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