Deficient fluid volume

Deficient fluid volume

Deficient fluid volume


Nursing Diagnosis Definition

The nursing diagnosis for deficient fluid volume, also known as hypovolemia, is defined as "a decrease in the amount of fluid within the body that leads to changes in cellular function." This diagnosis is applicable when an individual has an insufficient amount of fluid, which can result in serious complications such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and decreased blood flow to vital organs.

Defining Characteristics


  • Thirst: Subjective sensation indicating a desire for fluid intake.
  • Dry mouth: Subjective observation of reduced moisture in the oral cavity.
  • Decreased urine output: Subjective complaint of lower than usual urine production.
  • Fatigue: Subjective indication of tiredness or exhaustion.
  • Weakness: Subjective complaint of reduced strength or energy.
  • Dizziness: Subjective sensation of lightheadedness or unsteadiness.


  • Decreased skin turgor: Objective assessment of reduced skin elasticity.
  • Sunken eyes: Objective observation of eyes appearing sunken.
  • Tachycardia: Objective measurement of elevated heart rate.
  • Orthostatic hypotension: Objective measurement of a drop in blood pressure upon standing.
  • Dry mucous membranes: Objective observation of reduced moisture in mucous membranes.
  • Decreased urine output: Objective measurement confirming lower than usual urine production.

Related Factors

  • Excessive fluid loss (such as through sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea): Factors contributing to a disproportionate loss of bodily fluids.
  • Insufficient fluid intake: Inadequate consumption of fluids, leading to an imbalance.
  • Certain medical conditions (such as kidney disease or heart failure): Underlying health issues affecting fluid regulation.
  • Medications that increase fluid loss (such as diuretics): Pharmaceutical agents impacting fluid balance.
  • Age (older adults are at a higher risk for fluid imbalances): Age-related factors influencing fluid homeostasis.

Risk Population

  • Elderly adults: Older individuals who may be more susceptible to fluid imbalances.
  • Individuals with chronic medical conditions: Those with pre-existing health issues that may compromise fluid balance.
  • Individuals taking diuretic medications: Medication-related risk for fluid volume deficits.
  • Individuals with limited mobility: Those with restricted movement, affecting fluid circulation.
  • Individuals in hot or dry climates: Environmental factors contributing to fluid loss.

Associated Problems

  • Dehydration: Insufficient fluid levels in the body.
  • Electrolyte imbalances: Disruptions in the balance of essential electrolytes in the body.
  • Decreased blood flow to vital organs: Impaired circulation affecting organ perfusion.
  • Shock: Severe condition resulting from inadequate blood flow.
  • Kidney failure: Impaired kidney function due to fluid imbalances.

Suggestions for Use

  • Assess for signs and symptoms of deficient fluid volume: Conduct a comprehensive evaluation of indicators pointing towards inadequate fluid levels.
  • Monitor vital signs and fluid intake and output regularly: Keep a regular check on vital signs and fluid balance measurements.
  • Assess for signs of dehydration: Examine for symptoms indicative of insufficient hydration.

Suggestions for Interventions

  • Encourage fluid intake, as appropriate for the individual: Promote consumption of fluids suitable for the individual's condition.
  • Administer fluids and electrolytes, as ordered: Provide necessary fluids and electrolytes as prescribed by healthcare professionals.
  • Monitor for signs of electrolyte imbalances, such as confusion or muscle weakness: Keep a close watch for symptoms of disrupted electrolyte levels.
  • Educate the individual and their family on the importance of adequate fluid intake and the signs and symptoms of fluid imbalances: Provide information on maintaining proper hydration and recognizing signs of fluid imbalances.

Suggested Alternative Nursing Diagnoses

  • Ineffective tissue perfusion: Impaired blood flow to tissues, affecting cellular function.
  • Impaired physical mobility: Challenges in movement, potentially impacting fluid circulation.
  • Impaired skin integrity: Compromised skin condition due to various factors, including fluid imbalances.
  • Impaired comfort: Discomfort arising from deficient fluid volume and associated complications.

Usage Tips

  • Consider the individual's age, medical history, and current medications when assessing for risk of deficient fluid volume: Tailor assessments based on individual characteristics and factors.
  • Be aware that older adults may not have the same thirst sensation as younger individuals, and may not seek out fluids on their own: Recognize age-related differences in thirst perception and proactively address hydration needs.
  • Encourage fluid intake in a variety of forms, such as water, juice, and broth: Offer diverse options to enhance fluid consumption.
  • Monitor for signs of fluid overload, such as edema or shortness of breath, in individuals at risk for fluid imbalances: Stay vigilant for symptoms indicating excessive fluid retention.

NOC Results

  • Fluid balance: The individual's fluid intake and output will be within normal limits, and they will have appropriate skin turgor and mucous membrane moisture.
  • Tissue perfusion: Adequate blood flow will be maintained to vital organs and tissues, as evidenced by stable vital signs and oxygenation levels.
  • Comfort: The individual will report a reduction in symptoms such as thirst and discomfort.
  • Mobility: The individual will maintain or improve their physical mobility, as evidenced by their ability to move about and perform activities of daily living.

NIC Interventions

  • Fluid/electrolyte management: Administer fluids and electrolytes, as ordered, to maintain appropriate fluid balance and prevent electrolyte imbalances.
  • Skin care: Provide skin care to maintain skin integrity and prevent complications such as pressure ulcers, infection, and breakdown.
  • Activity promotion: Encourage physical activity and mobility to maintain perfusion to vital organs and tissues, and to promote overall health and well-being.
  • Education: Provide education to the individual and their family on the importance of adequate fluid intake, signs and symptoms of fluid imbalances, and proper techniques for measuring and recording fluid intake and output.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Go up

Usamos cookies Más información