Decreased Involvement In Recreational Activities

Decreased Involvement In Recreational Activities



The nursing diagnosis Decreased Involvement in Recreational Activities describes a decrease in or complete lack of engaging in recreational activities or play, often due to physical limitations or disinterest. Play is an important factor in optimal physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing, so it is important for nurses to understand the context in which the diagnosis applies.

Nursing Diagnosis Definition

Decreased Involvement in Recreational Activities: Reduced or lack of involvement in recreational or leisure activities.

Defining Characteristics

Subjective Data

  • Expresses a disinterest in recreational activities
  • Expresses frustration with exercise goals
  • Expresses disappointment in capacity to participate
  • Stated lack of energy/motivation
  • Reduced involvement in activities that previously brought pleasure

Objective Data

  • Reduced activity level
  • Reduced participation in organized recreation
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Pacing behavior during activity
  • Decreased functional performance

Related Factors

  • Acceptance: Unwillingness to accept changes in self-concept, role abilities
  • Body Image: Poor body image which can lead to decreased physical activity and mobility
  • Depression: Negative emotions/thoughts that can lead to difficulty finding energies to engage in recreational activities
  • Environmental Influences: Lack of access to recreational activities or support system
  • Fatigue: Tiredness that interferes with the ability to enjoy recreational activities
  • Mobility Impairment: Limited capacity to physically engage in recreational activities

Risk Population

Individuals at risk for Decreased Involvement in Recreational Activities are those of any age, gender or race experiencing physical or emotional limitations. This includes any individual with physical impairments such as chronic pain or musculoskeletal conditions that limit mobility, or mental health problems like depression or anxiety that can limit the desire to engage in recreational activities.

Associated Problems

A decrease in recreational activity can put individuals at risk of developing further mental and physical health concerns if not addressed. Without appropriate intervention, some possible associated issues can include:

  • Impaired Mobility
  • Weight Loss
  • Tissue Integrity Complications
  • Sleep Disturbance
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

Suggestions for Use

Nurses should assess for signs of decreased recreational engagement and document characteristics to support this diagnosis in the care plan. It is important to provide patients with education and support to help them identify recreation or play activities that may be beneficial and motivating. Nurses should also provide feedback to help patients understand and manage their limitations while ensuring they have a full understanding of their condition.

Suggested Alternative Nursing Diagnosis

Alternative diagnoses may include, but are not limited to:

  • Compromised Family Coping
  • Ineffective individual Coping
  • Readiness for Enhanced Activity/Exercise
  • Impaired Social Interaction
  • Ineffective Community Coping

Usage Tips

  • Assess patient’s interest in recreational activities
  • Include patient in goal setting process
  • Identify client’s activities of choice
  • Provide education on how to increase exercise level
  • Provide resources for appropriate activities
  • Encourage rest during interventions

NOC Outcomes

The following NOC outcomes may be applicable to caring for individuals with Decreased Involvement in Recreational Activities:

  • Cardiovascular Function: Ability to maintain circulation, including regulation of blood pressure and heart rate
  • Energy Conservation: Ability to limit physical and mental demands on energy reserves when facing stressors
  • Leisure Satisfaction: Ability to maximize enjoyment in chosen activities
  • Perceptual Sensory Performance: Ability to notice, interpret, and respond to sensory stimuli
  • Psychological Well-Being: Ability to function within normal far boundaries of psychosocial wellbeing

NIC Interventions

The following NIC interventions may be applicable to caring for individuals with Decreased Involvement in Recreational Activities:

  • Activity Facilitation: Assistance with selecting, organizing and participating in hobbies, sports, or other leisure activities
  • Leisure Education: Instruction in the selection and organization of activities to maximize enjoyment
  • Mobility Assistance: Assistance with walking and other physical activity to ensure safety during physical activity
  • Physical Activity Promotion/ Guidance: Guidance in increasing physical activity over time
  • Therapeutic Exercise: Assistance with prescribed exercise program to increase, maintain, or restore physical strength


The Nursing Diagnosis Decreased Involvement In Recreational Activities focuses on identifying and addressing mental and physical limitations that can inhibit leisure engagement. Support from nurses can help patients find activities that bring pleasure and enjoyment, as well as understand their physical and mental limitations.


  • When should I use nursing diagnosis Decreased Involvement in Recreational Activities?
    You should use this diagnosis when assessing a patient’s decreased or lack of involvement in recreational activities due to physical or mental limitations.
  • What are some related factors to decreased involvement in recreational activities?
    Some related factors to decreased involvements in recreational activities include acceptance, body image, depression, environmental influences, fatigue and mobility impairment.
  • What are some associated problems with decreased participation in recreational activities?
    Without appropriate intervention, some possible associated issues include impaired mobility, weight loss, tissue integrity complications, sleep disturbance, anxiety and depression.

Isabella White

Hello to all nursing enthusiasts! I'm Isabella White and I'm thrilled to welcome you to this space dedicated to the exciting world of nursing. Let me share a little about myself and what we can expect together on this journey. About Me: Nursing is more than just a profession to me, it's a calling. When I'm not caring for my patients or learning more about health and wellness, you'll find me enjoying the great outdoors, exploring new trails in nature, or savoring a good cup of coffee with close friends. I believe in the balance between caring for others and self-care, and I'm here to share that philosophy with you. My Commitment to You: In this space, I commit to being your reliable guide in the world of nursing. Together, we'll explore health topics, share practical tips, and support each other on our journeys to wellness. But we'll also celebrate life beyond the hospital walls, finding moments of joy in the everyday and seeking adventures that inspire us to live fully. In summary, this is a place where nursing meets life, where we'll find support, inspiration, and hopefully a little fun along the way. Thank you for joining me on this exciting journey. Welcome to a world of care, knowledge, and connection! Sincerely, Isabella White

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